As reaction to increasing threats of the international security from the transnational organised crime and terrorism the international community organiseы global counteraction to money-laundering and terrorism financing, using the existing international organisations and creating new specialised bodies and structures. Such organisations and specialised bodies combined with the methods of regulation of the international cooperation applied by them in this sphere make institutional bases of the international system of counteraction to money-laundering and terrorism financing.
One of the key international institutes in sphere of struggle against washing up of the ill-gotten proceeds and terrorism financing for today is Financial Action Task Force (FATF), created at the initiative of Heads of the states and Governments of G7 in 1989.
Group is responsible for consideration of methods and money-laundering tendencies, review of actions which have already been undertaken at national or international level, and statement of the measures, which are to be accepted for struggle against money-laundering. The work resulted in the publishing of report FATF «Forty recommendations» in 1990, which was later reconsidered and supplemented with "IX Special recommendations». Priority of FATF consists in maintenance of global actions on struggle against money-laundering and terrorism financing, and also the concrete realisation of 40+9 Recommendations worldwide. At the moment 35 countries and 2 organisations received the status of the member in Group. It is necessary to notice that 20 organisations and 1 country have the status of FATF observer. Regional groups as FATF (RGTF) have the similar form with it and they jointly make the uniform international system (network) on distribution and introduction of the international standards of struggle against money-laundering and terrorism financing, and also on control over their performance at national level.
Now there are 8 RGTF in the world, one of which is the Eurasian group on combating money laundering and financing of terrorism (EAG). ЕAG was created in 2004 and united the countries of the Euroasian region: Belarus, India, Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. EAG is urged to play the important role in questions of decrease terrorism threat and maintenance of transparency, reliability and safety of financial systems of the states of region, and also involvement of the states of region in the international system of combating money laundering and financing of terrorism.
Within the limits of EAG and also on the basis of bilateral cooperation Kazakhstan participates as beneficiary in programs of technical assistance with such international organizations as IMF, WB, UNOCD, OSCE. Technical assistance is carried out on principles of mutual interest, practicality and efficiency. Programs are implemented by means of: projects, stuff training and consultations in support of development of both separate elements, and national system of Kazakhstan on counteraction of legalization (washing up) of ill-gotten proceeds and terrorism financing.
Within the limits of international institutional system of counteraction to money-laundering and terrorism financing, Group "Egmont”, the organization of informal format for the purpose of assistance to creation of new divisions of financial investigation and cooperation development between them, was founded in 1995. 127 countries have the status of the member of Group; this is the evidence of the scaled work and important role in the international efforts of the organization. Kazakhstan became a full member of the"Egmont" in July 2011.
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