In response to increasing threats of transnational organised crime and terrorism the international community organise global counteraction to money-laundering and financing of terrorism, using for this purpose the existing international organisations and creating new specialised bodies and structures. Such organizations and specialized bodies form the institutional framework of the international system of anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism.
One of the key international institutions in combating money laundering and financing of terrorism is the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), which is established at the initiative of the Heads of State and Government of the Group of Seven in 1989.
The group is responsible for consideration methods and trends of money laundering, review of actions that have already been undertaken at the national or international level, and statement of the measures that still need to be taken to combating money laundering. This was resulted by publishing the report «Forty recommendations» of FATF in 1990, which was later reconsidered and supplemented with «IX Special recommendations». In February 2012, the updated Recommendations of the FATF - International standards on combating money laundering and the financing of terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction were adopted.
FATF style regional bodies (FSRBs) have a similar structure and they form international network for the dissemination and implementation of international standards on combating money laundering and the financing of terrorism, as well as to monitor their implementation at the national level.
Currently, there are 8 FSRBs around the world, one of them is the Eurasian Group on Combating money laundering and financing of terrorism (EAG). The EAG was established in 2004 and united the countries of the Eurasian region: Belarus, India, Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Since 2011 the group has the status of intergovernmental organization. The EAG is called upon to play an important role in reducing the threat of international terrorism and ensuring the transparency, reliability and security of the financial systems of the states of the region and their further integration into the international infrastructure on combating money laundering and the financing of terrorism.
Within the framework of the international institutional system on combating money laundering and the financing of terrorism, in 1995 an informal format organization - the Egmont Group of Financial Intelligence Units was established.
The aim of the Egmont Group is to provide a platform for effective interaction of FIUs around the world in order to combat money laundering and the financing of terrorism, as well as to assist in the implementation of domestic AML/CFT programs.
The Committee on Financial Monitoring was admitted to the Egmont Group in July 2011.